11.1.2018

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All your news in a single email. We scour 100+ sources so you don't have to. Culture, science, sports, politics, business, and more - all packaged in a 5-minute read below.
Need To Know.
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Synagogue Shooter Indicted.
The man accused of attacking a Pittsburgh-area synagogue over the weekend was indicted by a federal grand jury on 44 counts yesterday. The charges against 46-year-old Robert Bowers, who surrendered to police after killing 11 people and injuring 6 others, were filed as hate crimes, and include the obstruction of free exercise of religion. The deadly attack shocked the nation - Bowers reportedly shouted anti-Semitic slurs as he opened fire on a baby-naming ceremony being held at the time, and told police he "just wanted to kill Jews" after being apprehended. All the victims were over 50 years old and included a 97-year-old woman and a couple in their 80s (see victims here). Prosecutors are expected to pursue the death penalty in the case. 

Read a profile of Bowers, described as a high school dropout whose father committed suicide after being charged with rape in 1979, here
Appendix Linked to Parkinson's.
A surprising study released yesterday suggests that the appendix plays a role in the onset of Parkinson's disease, supporting the theory that the gut can influence cognitive function. The study, carried out by an international team of researchers (see paper), showed that patients who had their appendix removed early in life were nearly 20% less likely to develop Parkinson's disease later on. While generally thought to be useless, the appendix contains a reserve of neurotoxins. One of these is a protein called alpha-synuclein, which is nearly identical to clumps of proteins found in the brains of Parkinson's patients. The team believes proteins from the appendix can travel up the vagus nerve - a bundle of fibers that travels upwards through the body, connecting major organs - to the brain. Intriguingly, the results did not hold for patients living in urban areas, suggesting that the gut's alpha-synuclein may become more mobile in the presence of something found in rural areas.

Parkinson's is a usually crippling brain disease that strikes about 60,000 people in the US each year.
Google Walkout.
Thousands of Google employees are walking out of their jobs today to protest the company's handling of sexual misconduct in the workplace. The worldwide walkout comes on the heels of reports that the company protected one of its most powerful executives when sexual harassment claims were brought against him. Andy Rubin, creator of the Android operating system, was alleged to have had an extra-marital affair with a company employee and coerced her into sex acts in a hotel in 2013. Instead of firing Rubin, Google shuffled Rubin out the door in 2014 with a $90M severance package, effectively burying the story. The organizers of the protest laid out five demands for change to company's policies, including an end to forced arbitration in cases of harassment and a clear, anonymous process for reporting sexual misconduct (see list here).
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In The Know.
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Sports, Entertainment & Culture.
> Willie McCovey, Hall of Fame baseball player, dies at 80 (More)
> Rights to produce Michael Lewis's book The Fifth Risk on the Trump administration acquired by the Obamas under their deal with Netflix (More)
> University of Maryland fires football coach DJ Durkin just one day after reinstating him following an investigation into the June death of player Jordan McNair (More)
Science & Technology.
> NASA retires legendary Kepler Space Telescope after it runs out of fuel about 94 million miles from Earth; craft has discovered 70% of the 3,800 known exoplanets (More)
> Gas clouds moving at 30% of the speed of light confirm the existence of a supermassive black hole at the center of the Milky Way (More)
> Waymo, Google-linked self-driving car company, gets first public permit in California to test fully driverless cars on public roads (More)
Business & Markets.
> Federal Reserve aims to ease regulations on US lenders with less than $700B in assets and no volatile Wall Street products (More) | New Zealand tops World Bank's ease of doing business rankings, US falls to 8th (More)
> General Motors profits surpass Wall Street expectations, stock up 8%; Company to offer buyout packages to seasoned, white-collar workforce in effort to cut costs (More)
> US wages and salaries increase 3.1% year-over-year, highest level in a decade (More)
Politics & World Affairs.
> Turkish officials release details of evidence in murder of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi; say he was strangled as soon as he entered the Saudi consulate in Istanbul (More) | US and Britain make joint call for Saudi Arabia to end war in Yemen (More
> Divers recover flight recorder from downed 737 that crashed shortly after takeoff from Jakarta, Indonesia, killing 189 people (More)
> Report says Interior Department Inspector General was replaced with political appointee days after referring Sec. Ryan Zinke to the Justice Department (More)
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In Depth.
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The Bulger Mystique.
The Boston Globe | Staff. William Bulger was the president of the Massachusetts State Senate. James "Whitey" Bulger was one of the most notorious mobsters in history. The latter was killed in prison on Tuesday, but both their lives have been forever intertwined. (Read)
The Scheme that Almost Killed a German Soccer Team.
Bloomberg | Thomas Rogers. When one of Germany's top soccer teams - Borussia Dortmund - was a target of a curbside bombing, investigators assumed it was an Islamic terrorist group. Only later did they realize that the bombing was perpetrated by only one man, with a plan to short the team's publicly traded shares. (Read)
Etcetera.
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See which metro areas are experiencing the most job growth across the US
Ugh Millennials: Inside the new industry of teaching you how to be an adult
Cristiano Ronaldo passes Selena Gomez as the most-followed person on Instagram
Television stars are now raking in up to $1M per episode
India unveils the 600-foot Statue of Unity, world's new tallest statue
The Art Institute of Chicago now offers full access to 52,000 high-res images of their collection
An African miner finds a 1.1-kilogram emerald near Zambia
Family pays fine for library book 84 years overdue
Clickbait: Antarctic scientist stabs colleague for always giving away the ending of books he was reading.
Historybook: Michelangelo’s Sistine Chapel ceiling exhibited to public for first time (1512); Earthquake and tsunami in Lisbon kills nearly 90,000 people (1755); HBD silent film star Laura LaPlante (1904); HBD Apple CEO Tim Cook (1960); RIP football great Walter Payton (1999).
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