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All your news in a single email. We scour 100+ sources so you don't have to. Culture, science, sports, politics, business, and more - all packaged in a 5-minute read below.
Need To Know.
Whitey Bulger Killed in Jail.
James "Whitey" Bulger, a notorious Boston mob boss turned informant, was found dead in his West Virginia prison cell yesterday. Officials from the penitentiary, to which the 89-year-old Bulger had just recently been transferred, said Bulger had been beaten to death by inmates affiliated with organized crime. Bulger, one of the most-well known Irish-American mob figures and part of South Boston's Winter Hill Gang, was said to have become an informant for the FBI as early as 1975. He was indicted in 1994 on 19 counts of murder, but fled Boston after being tipped off by his FBI handler. He remained at large for 16 years - 12 of which he was number two on the FBI's most wanted list, just behind Osama bin Laden - before being captured in Santa Monica, CA. Bulger was the inspiration for films like Martin Scorsese’s The Departed and Johnny Depp's Black Mass.
Birthright Citizenship.
President Trump floated the idea of signing an executive order ending guaranteed citizenship to any person born in the US during an interview yesterday. Currently any child born in US states or territories, with the exception of children of enemy combatants and foreign diplomats, is granted full citizenship status. Critics say this allows undocumented immigrants to enter the country illegally and obtain citizenship for their children. In 2014, an estimated 275,000 children were born to undocumented immigrants - a non-negligible 7% of the 4 million US births that year. The Supreme Court has long interpreted broad birthright citizenship to be enshrined in the 14th Amendment, and an executive order would likely set off a long and contentious court battle - though scholars say the specific question of children born to undocumented immigrants has not been directly tested. On the same day, Sen. Lindsey Graham (R-SC) said he would introduce legislation backing Trump on the issue.

Read about Wong Kim Ark, the first test case of birthright citizenship in the US. 
Venice Floods.
Historic Venice was hit with its worst flooding in over a decade as severe storms killed at least 11 people across northern and western Italy. The city, nestled in a lagoon and spread across 118 small islands, was 75% underwater as of yesterday and waters in the famous St. Mark's Square reached just over five feet, the fourth-highest mark ever recorded (see photos). The city has been toiling away on an ambitious flood barrier system, codenamed MOSE, but the seven-year-long mega-project has been beset by corruption and financial scandals. The worst flood in the city's recorded history occurred in 1966, when a combination of unusually high tides, strong winds, and severe storms submerged the entire city for almost an entire day. 
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In The Know.
Sports, Entertainment & Culture.
> First 2018 College Football Playoff rankings announced; top four are Alabama, Clemson, LSU, Notre Dame (More)
> Former director of NYC Metropolitan Museum of Art Thomas Campbell to lead San Francisco Fine Art Museums (More)
> University of Maryland board of regents reinstates head football coach DJ Durkin following investigation into death of player stemming from a May 2018 practice (More) | Current players speak out on social media against decision (More)
Science & Technology.
> Report estimates that animal populations have declined by an average of 60% since 1970, linked to natural resource consumption, land management, and hunting (More)
> Studies suggest wearable sensors and apps may be able to predict the onset of depression and other mood disorders (More)
> Scientists say they may have put a living organism, a green sulfur bacterium, into a quantum state; would be the first-ever observation of an entire organism experiencing quantum superposition (More) | Quantum 101 (More)
Business & Markets.
> US consumer confidence reaches highest level since September 2000 (More)
> Earnings Season: General Electric slashes quarterly dividend to a penny, misses earnings, & is under investigation for accounting practices - shares down 8% (More) | Facebook growth slows, but exceeds profit expectations; shares down 3% in after-hours trading (More)
> Cryptocurrency exchange giant Coinbase raises $300M at $8B valuation (More)
Politics & World Affairs.
> Team leading Russia investigation asks FBI to investigate conspiracy against Special Counsel Robert Mueller; unnamed woman says she was offered $20,000 to make false sexual harassment claims against Mueller (More)
> President Trump visits synagogue where 11 people where killed in anti-Semitic attack over the weekend; visit comes amid protests for recent rhetoric (More)
> Indonesian officials identify possible wreckage of 737 of coast of Java sea; crash killed 189 passengers (More)
A message from your dog.
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When Halloween was all tricks and no treats
US candy sales expected to hit $9B during Halloween week
Speaking of candy, Bon Appetit breaks down the most popular candy from each decade.
The 80's were the best decade for scary movies, according to this data.
The 33 scariest villains in the history of horror movies
2017 Reader Favorite: Freeze-frame photos of frightened guests at haunted houses
Aerosmith's Steven Tyler's celebrates by dressing up as your cheap aunt.
A fascinating map of what people call the night before Halloween
Historybook: HBD English poet John Keats (1795); RIP Harry Houdini (1926); Mount Rushmore National Memorial is completed (1941); HBD John Candy (1950); First female Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi is assassinated (1984).
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- Indira Gandhi
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