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Good morning. It's Tuesday, Oct. 10, and we're covering day three of the conflict between Israel and Hamas, a United Auto Workers strike against Mack Trucks, and much more. First time reading? Sign up here.


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Need To Know

Israel-Gaza Conflict 

Israel announced a full siege of the Gaza Strip yesterday as the conflict between the two regions entered a third day, with Israel drafting 300,000 reservists and cutting off food, electricity, and fuel to the Gaza Strip, which was already under a 16-year blockade imposed by Israel and Egypt. Israel's full blockade comes after Hamas, which runs Gaza internally, took at least 150 civilians and soldiers hostage following a wide-ranging surprise attack on Israel over the weekend (see previous write-up). 


Hamas has threatened to execute an Israeli hostage each time an airstrike hits civilian homes in Gaza without warning. The US and the EU designate Hamas as a terrorist group due to its history of armed opposition against Israel (see overview). At least 900 people have died so far in Israel, including at least 11 Americans, and at least 687 Palestinians have died in Gaza. More than 6,000 have been injured from both sides since Saturday. 


Israel also exchanged fire yesterday with neighboring Lebanon's militant group Hezbollah after Palestinian militants had infiltrated Israel's northern border. The US is among governments designating Hezbollah as a terrorist group (see overview).  


See a visual timeline of the decadeslong Israel-Palestine conflict here


Nobel Economics Prize

Harvard University's Claudia Goldin won the Nobel Prize for Economic Sciences yesterday for her pioneering work in women's labor history. She is the third woman to receive the honor in the award's 54-year history and the first to do so individually. 


The 77-year-old labor economist and economic historian has led the field for decades with positions at Princeton, the University of Pennsylvania, and Harvard—where she became the first woman in the economics department to receive tenure. For decades, she has directed groups at the nonpartisan National Bureau of Economic Research, a private nonprofit think tank, and has held stints as president of both the American Economic Association and the Economic History Association. 


Her research has focused on the historical wage disparities between men and women (listen here). Previously, differences in education and occupation explained the gap, but Goldin found that in recent decades, pay differences emerged in the years after a woman had her first child. Today, women in the US earn roughly 80% of what men make.


Mack Trucks Strike

United Auto Workers members at Volvo Group-owned Mack Trucks facilities in three states went on strike yesterday after rejecting a proposed five-year contract. The tentative deal was downvoted by 73% of 4,000 workers in Florida, Maryland, and Pennsylvania.


The deal would have included a 19% pay raise over five years, a $3,500 ratification bonus, and improved retirement and health benefits. UAW President Shawn Fain said the two sides remain apart on issues such as wage increases, cost-of-living allowances, and work schedules.


Mack Trucks workers are not part of the original UAW strike, which began Sept. 15 against the Big Three: General Motors, Ford, and Stellantis (formerly Fiat Chrysler). Observers say the Mack deal may have fallen apart due to higher expectations from bargaining with the Big Three; Ford has so far offered a 23% pay raise, while GM and Stellantis are at 20%. More than 30,000 workers are now striking across 22 states (see map). 

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In The Know

Sports, Entertainment, & Culture

In partnership with The Ascent

> The 2023-24 NHL regular season kicks off tonight; see previews and predictions for all 32 teams (More)

> Writers Guild of America votes to ratify new contract with TV and film producers, formally ending the monthslong labor dispute (More) | Celebrity chef Michael Chiarello dies at 61 after suffering an allergic reaction (More)

> Los Angeles Olympics organizers propose adding baseball, softball, flag football, cricket, lacrosse, and squash to 2028 games; International Olympic Committee to vote on proposal Oct. 16 (More)

From our partners: There's no gatekeeping these perks. Like a $200 welcome bonus after spending $500 within three months. This card's got a $0 annual fee, and gives you unlimited cash back on basically every purchase. Check it out.


Science & Technology

> Report suggests hacker group linked to the Vietnamese government attempted a widespread phishing campaign against US politicians and journalists earlier this year; approach relied on compromised links posted to social media (More)

> New study finds the Gulf Stream shifting closer to the US continental shelf by roughly 3 miles per decade, warming by about 1 degree Celsius over the same period (More) | Visualizing the ocean current that transports warm water from Mexico to the Eastern Seaboard (More

> Scientists discover evidence for one of the most intense solar storms to hit Earth on record; tree ring analysis suggests the radiation bursts occurred around 14,300 years ago (More)


Business & Markets

> US stock markets close higher (S&P 500 +0.6%, Dow +0.6%, Nasdaq +0.4%) after initially falling to open trading (More)

> Oil prices up 4% amid concerns Israel-Hamas conflict could disrupt output from the Middle East (More)

> US census data show top 1% of US household earners now hold 26.5% of wealth, up 1.5 percentage points since 2019 (More)


Politics & World Affairs

> Rep. Kevin McCarthy (R, CA-20) signals openness to returning as House speaker after being ousted last week; House to hold candidate forum today, with an election expected tomorrow (More

> President Joe Biden interviewed as part of special counsel investigation into handling of classified documents found at his former office and Delaware home (More) | Texas Attorney General Ken Paxton (R) reportedly plans to file criminal complaints against House lawmakers who led his impeachment, alleging they violated anti-doxxing law (More

> Robert F. Kennedy Jr. announces he's running for president as an independent, drops Democratic primary bid (More) | See all 2024 presidential candidates (More)



> The Daguerreotypes

ProPublica | Jennifer Berry Hawes. A look at Tamara Lanier's fight to obtain photos of her ancestors from Harvard, which holds some of the oldest known photographs of enslaved people in America. (Read)


> The Historical Genius of Hollywood

NY Times | Noah Gallagher Shannon. A profile on the career of Hollywood production designer Jack Fisk, highlighting his contributions to films like Martin Scorsese's "Killers of the Flower Moon" and his ability to recreate the past. (Read)

In partnership with Timeline

Science Reveals New Path to Healthy Aging


Maintaining muscle function is a pillar of healthy aging, but as we get older, our muscle integrity diminishes. In clinical studies testing skeletal muscle, a healthy-aging molecule called Urolithin A increased strength and endurance by improving cellular energy–with no change in the participants’ exercise routine. 


Mitopure, the only highly pure, clinically validated Urolithin A supplement, is supported by 11 clinical studies and 56 patents. Try it for yourself during Amazon Prime Day and 1440 readers can get up to $40 off a month’s supply of Mitopure.

Please support our sponsors!


Rover captures blue sunset on Mars


... and Prada will design NASA's suits for 2025 moon mission.


California becomes first state to ban four food additives


Our sense of smell changes how we see color


The ultimate guide to 85 varieties of apples.  


Woman lives on floating island she built with her late husband


Newly discovered snail named after Jimmy Buffett song.


Dozens of cows invade Wisconsin neighborhood.


Clickbait: When Will Ferrell DJs your college tailgate party.


Historybook: United States Naval Academy opens (1845); American actress Helen Hayes born (1900); Filmmaker Orson Welles dies (1985); Hijacking of the Achille Lauro cruise ship ends (1985); "Superman" actor Christopher Reeve dies (2004).

"If you want a happy ending, that depends, of course, on where you stop your story."

- Orson Welles

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