Parkland, Marburg Virus, and the News Media Trust Gap Everything you need to know for today in five minutes.

Good morning. It's Tuesday, July 19, and we're covering a trial in Florida, a dangerous virus in Africa, and much more. Have feedback? Let us know at [email protected].

First time reading? Sign up here.



Parkland Trial

Opening statements began yesterday in the death penalty trial of Nikolas Cruz, who shot and killed 17 students and staff members at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida, in 2018. Jurors will need to decide whether the 23-year-old gunman, who pleaded guilty in October, should receive the death penalty or be sentenced to life in prison without parole. The attack is the deadliest to reach trial in US history, as shooters in similar attacks have died by suicide or police gunfire. 


The gunman, a former student, opened fire in the school's halls with an AR-15 semi-automatic rifle on Valentine's Day four years ago, killing 17 people and injuring 17 others. Under Florida law, jurors must examine whether the attack included at least one "aggravating factor" (see 101) that made it a capital crime, or if mitigating circumstances, such as mental illness, can spare capital punishment. Florida is among 27 states that have the death penalty.


Separately, officials identified the victims of a Sunday shooting at a mall near Indianapolis. The attacker reportedly opened fire indiscriminately in a food court before being shot and killed by a legally armed bystander. A motive has not yet been identified.

UK Heat Wave

Temperatures hit an all-time high yesterday in some parts of the UK, with Santon Downham, Suffolk, in eastern England reaching just over 100 degrees Fahrenheit. Britain’s weather service issued its first-ever red extreme heat warning with temperatures forecast to be even hotter today, likely beating the national record of 101.7 degrees set in 2019. The country faced several travel disruptions due to the heat, with many businesses and schools closed.


A national emergency has been declared as the country is not accustomed to handling such high temperatures. Many buildings in the country are designed to keep heat in and fewer than 5% of residential homes are thought to have a cooling unit. Temperatures in the UK can also feel warmer than in other areas of Europe because of its high humidity levels.


The record-setting temperatures are part of a larger heat wave across western Europe, sparking wildfires that have scorched tens of thousands of acres of land across several countries. See photos here.

Marburg Virus Outbreak

Health officials in Ghana have declared an outbreak of the highly infectious Marburg virus, an announcement that came after blood tests confirmed two hospital patients died from the bug in recent weeks. It marks the first-ever outbreak of the Ebola-like virus in the West African nation. Almost 100 other patients are being monitored for infection. 


Discovered more than five decades ago, instances of the virus are extremely rare (see list), with fewer than 400 lab-confirmed deaths on record. The lack of widespread outbreaks has prevented an assessment of its mortality rate—limited reports have seen death rates ranging from 23% to 90%. The two biggest known outbreaks of the virus occurred more than 20 years ago in the Democratic Republic of Congo and Angola. 


The virus is believed to be difficult to transmit, spreading primarily through direct contact with bodily fluids. Both the Ebola and Marburg viruses are part of the filovirus family—see what makes them so dangerous here (w/video).

Dear Readers—


Thanks for being a part of 1440! Want to further support our mission of sharing fact-focused information with the world? Here are the three best ways you can continue to help our small team: 


Email 1440 to friends, family, and coworkers.
Support our team with a monthly subscription to our ad-free newsletter.
Earn 1440 swag and other rewards via our referral program.

In partnership with Droplette



At the intersection of NASA and MIT is one of Popular Science’s 100 greatest inventions of the past year—it's Droplette, a new skin-health system that’s questioning what we know about skincare.


Collagen makes up roughly 80% of our skin, doing its part to keep our skin firm and hydrated. And as we age, collagen breaks down, leading to fine lines and wrinkles. But we can use moisturizers with collagen in them, right? Guess again. Collagen is 300x larger than what our skin can naturally absorb, so those expensive serums and moisturizers are like throwing a basketball at a dart board. The good news: Droplette has a solution. Developed by MIT scientists, Droplette is the only way for collagen to absorb into your skin topically. It turns ingredients into a tiny micro-mist small enough to actually penetrate the skin barrier, leading to radiant, glowing skin.


And it doesn't stop at collagen. Droplette just released their first new serum since launching: the Tranexamic Eraser. It helps visibly brighten dark spots and redness, and makes your skin more resilient to environmental factors like UV rays to effectively combat unwanted spots before they form. Droplette is extending their Prime Time Sale (their biggest sale of the summer!) one extra day for 1440 readers—take $100 off the Droplette device with code PRIMETIME1440.

Please support our sponsors!



Sports, Entertainment, & Culture

> US women's national soccer team bests Canada 1-0 to win CONCACAF W Championship and earn spot to 2024 Paris Olympics (More)


> Unsealed transcript shows judge in 1977 Roman Polanski sexual abuse case planned to send Polanski to prison, prompting him to flee the US (More) | Claes Oldenburg, pop artist known for large-scale installations, dies at 93 (More)


> Washington Nationals star Juan Soto tops Seattle Mariners rookie Julio Rodriguez to win Home Run Derby (More) | See preview of tonight's (8 pm ET, Fox) MLB All-Star Game (More)

Science & Technology

> Researchers identify specific mutations on the spike protein of recent SARS-CoV-2 omicron subvariants that help the virus evade antibodies (More) | See US COVID-19 stats here (More) | Dr. Anthony Fauci to retire by end of the current presidential term (More)


> NASA satellite discovers two Jupiter-sized exoplanets, located roughly 1,200 lightyears from Earth; discovery marks the latest success for the mission, which has identified more than 5,700 planet-like objects scattered across the universe (More)


Engineers develop super-adhesive that maintains its gluing properties across temperatures ranging from liquid nitrogen (minus 320 degrees) to standard ovens (almost 400 degrees) (More)

Business & Markets

In partnership with Ally Robotics

> US stock markets fall (S&P 500 -0.8%, Dow -0.7%, Nasdaq -0.8%) as earnings season continues (More)


US gas prices continue to fall from mid-June all-time high of $5.02 per gallon, but current $4.52 per gallon remains up over last July’s $3.17 average (More)


> Goldman Sachs beats revenue and earnings expectations but sees lower profits due to investment banking industry declines; shares up 3% (More) | IBM beats quarterly revenue and earnings expectations but warns a strong dollar could lead to foreign exchange losses; shares down 4% in after-hours trading (More)

From our partners: Robots get the job done. The restaurant, manufacturing, agriculture, and construction industries are experiencing significant labor force gaps—2.2M roles we need to fill. Enter Ally Robotics, the company making affordable, reliable robotic arms at 30% of the cost of other producers thanks to imitation AI that allows humans to train the robots with no coding required. Learn how Ally has achieved $30M in preorders and invest in their multi-industry robot here.

Politics & World Affairs

> Texas officials release report on Uvalde school shooting; faults local, state, and federal law enforcement for delayed response (More) | ... and finds multiple red flags by the shooter prior to the attack (More) | Police body camera footage also released (Watch, warning—sensitive content) 


> Secret Service recovers batches of deleted texts sent on and around the storming of the US Capitol; documents to be provided to House Jan. 6 Committee today, ahead of Thursday hearing (More)


> Race to replace UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson narrowed down to four candidates following internal party vote; former finance minister Rishi Sunak continues as top vote-getter (More)



The Economist's Guide to Parenting

Freakonomics | Stephen Dubner. (Podcast) One of the earliest episodes of Freakonomics Radio focused on how economists raised their young children. Ten years later, the children are old enough to talk and have a lot to say. (Listen)

Family Outings 

The Hustle | Zachary Crockett. How America's favorite family outings—from baseball games to a trip to Disneyland—have become a bigger financial commitment than they used to be for middle-class families. (Read)



In partnership with Droplette


We don’t know who needs to hear this ... but your collagen serum is 300 times too large to be absorbed by the skin, no matter how long you spend rubbing it in.


The Droplette device turns super-actives like collagen into fast-moving micro-drops that pass painlessly through your skin, absorbing 20 times deeper than messy serums or creams. Healing your skin from within delivers results you’ll recognize quickly, in less than a minute a day—and you can check out the new Tranexamic Eraser serum as well to brighten, correct, and prevent dark spots and redness. Today-only for 1440 readers, Droplette is extending their Prime Time Sale for $100 off the device with code PRIMETIME1440.

Please support our sponsors!



Americans' trust in news media hits new lows.


This year’s 50 greatest places to visit.


NASA announces photographers of the year.


... and a photographer waits eight hours to capture a thirsty lion.


A player’s view of a pro soccer match. (via Twitter


Jennifer Lopez and Ben Affleck get married—in a Las Vegas drive-thru.


New quadruped robot learns to walk in one hour.


South African ducks keep this vineyard pest-free.


Clickbait: The Pikes Peak peanut-pusher prevails


Historybook: Inventor and businessman Samuel Colt born (1814); First US women’s rights convention held (1848); Maurice Garin becomes first winner of Tour de France (1903); Sports journalist Stuart Scott born (1965); First GPS signal transmitted (1977).


"Our life's journey is really about the people who touch us."

- Stuart Scott

Why 1440? The printing press was invented in the year 1440, spreading knowledge to the masses and changing the course of history. Guess what else? There are 1,440 minutes in a day and every one is precious. That’s why we scour hundreds of sources every day to provide a concise, comprehensive, and objective view of what's happening in the world. Reader feedback is a gift—shoot us a note at [email protected].

Interested in advertising to smart readers like you? Apply here!

Join a community of over 3.6 million intellectually curious individuals.

100% free. Unsubscribe anytime.

Don't miss out on the daily email read by over 3.6 million intellectually curious readers.