Snake Island, Hells Angels, and Charts of Improvement Everything you need to know for today in five minutes.

Good morning. It's Friday, July 1, and we're covering a Black Sea victory for Ukraine, the death of a notorious icon, and much more. Have feedback? Let us know at [email protected].



Remain in Mexico Ruling

The Supreme Court ruled yesterday the Biden administration has the authority to end an immigration policy requiring some migrants to remain in Mexico while their applications for US asylum are processed. The administration had previously sought to end the Trump-era program, launched in 2019, as early as last January but faced legal challenges from Texas and Missouri. 


Commonly referred to as "Remain in Mexico," the policy was enforced in a minority of border encounters, with officials being cited as saying only 6.5% of eligible asylum-seekers were entered into the program. Since the onset of the pandemic, more than half of migrant encounters have resulted in expulsion under Title 42 (see difference)—a public health law that does not include the option to request asylum. 


The decision comes as border encounters in May hit a record high of more than 239,000, though roughly one in four stops (see "recidivism rates") last year involved repeat offenders.

Snake Island Recaptured

Ukrainian forces have pushed Russian troops from the disputed Snake Island, according to reports yesterday. The rocky outcrop allowed Russia to complete its naval blockade across southern Ukraine—though analysts noted the island is notoriously difficult to defend by either side due to its location and inhospitable terrain. 


Russia's presence on the island allowed strategic control of shipping lanes in the Black Sea, including the ability to block key grain and other exports leaving from the port city of Odesa. The island was also the site of an engagement early on, during which Ukrainian troops' defiant response—a story later found to be slightly misconstrued—became a Ukrainian rallying cry.


See updates on the war here.

Hells Angels Founder Dies

Ralph "Sonny" Barger, one of the founding members who helped grow and popularize the Hells Angels Motorcycle Club, passed away Tuesday at the age of 83. A representative for Barger, who revealed the news yesterday, indicated the cause as liver cancer. 


Barger and riding partners created the Oakland, California-based club in 1957—unaware of other groups throughout the state with the same or similar names. Though accounts differ (see broader history), Barger is generally credited with leading the effort to consolidate and nationalize the brand. Notorious for forays into criminal activity, federal officials classify the group as one of the "Big Four" groups involved in organized crime, along with the Outlaws, Bandidos, and Pagan's.


Barger himself was investigated or arrested on charges ranging from drug trafficking to murder, though he later helped repopularize the subculture as an actor on the show "Sons of Anarchy." See his life in photos here.

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Sports, Entertainment, & Culture

> USC and UCLA reportedly planning to leave Pac-12 Conference for Big Ten as early as 2024 (More) | NFL and Ice Cube launch partnership to support Black-owned businesses (More)


> New allegations of abuse and harassment by "The Flash" star Ezra Miller emerge (More) | Paul McCartney, Billie Eilish among artists set to participate in Ukraine fundraising special Sunday (7 pm ET, NBC) (More)


> The 109th Tour de France kicks off this morning from Copenhagen, Denmark; see full schedule and preview (More) | NBA superstar Kevin Durant requests trade from Brooklyn Nets (More)

Science & Technology

> Commodity Futures Trading Commission charges Mirror Trading International in $1.7B case, the US agency's largest ever fraud case involving a Bitcoin operator (More) | What is Bitcoin pooling? (More)


> Scientists develop mRNA approach to delivering proteins to aid in the repair and regeneration of heart muscle; technique potentially offers a first-of-its-kind approach to recovery following a heart attack (More)


> Bioengineers demonstrate dissolvable device that relieves pain on demand; implant may represent a substitute for addictive pain-killing drugs (More)

Business & Markets

In partnership with Piestro

> US stock markets fall (S&P 500 -0.9%, Dow -0.8%, Nasdaq -1.3%); S&P closes worst first half of a year since 1970, down over 20% year-to-date (More)


> US personal consumption expenditures index—a key inflation metric monitored by the Federal Reserve—increased 4.7% in May (More)


> American Airlines to offer its pilots a 17% raise in proposed new contract (More)

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Politics & World Affairs

> Supreme Court limits the Environmental Protection Agency's ability to regulate power plant fleet greenhouse gas emissions under the 1970 Clean Air Act; ruling curtails Obama-era Clean Power Plan (More) | Justice Ketanji Brown-Jackson sworn in as first Black female justice (More)


> Israel dissolves parliament after coalition bloc collapses, with Foreign Minister Yair Lapid to act as interim prime minister; new elections, the fifth in four years, set for Nov. 1 (More


> Chinese President Xi Jinping to mark 25th anniversary of Hong Kong's handover from British colonial rule (More) | How China has ruled since (More)



Way to Go, Ohio

Revisionist History | Malcolm Gladwell. (Podcast) How an experiment in Akron, Ohio, helped solve a global medical malady. (Listen)

Charts of Improvement

Full Stack Economics | Timothy Lee. Breaking down 24 data points arguing that life in the US has improved over the past four decades. (Read)

Brain Eaters

Kurzgesagt | Staff. A fascinating—but somewhat terrifying—look at Naegleria fowleri, more commonly known as the brain-eating amoeba. (Watch)



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View a second-century home found beneath the Baths of Caracalla in Rome.


A fascinating history of fried potatoes.


High school students leave graduation to fight fire at classmate’s house.


New Zealand airline launches economy-class bunk beds.


More than a third of Americans can now work from home full time.


Get ready for the top fair foods to eat this summer.


Watch Kevin Bacon take on the "Footloose" dance challenge.


One in 10 homes sold in the first quarter of 2022 was flipped.


Clickbait: Get a buzz drinking recycled toilet water.


Historybook: Civil War Battle of Gettysburg begins (1863); Happy birthday, Canada (1867); RIP abolitionist and author Harriet Beecher Stowe (1896); Princess Diana born (1961); China regains sovereignty over Hong Kong (1997).


"Never give up, for that is just the place and time that the tide will turn."

- Harriet Beecher Stowe, from "Oldtown Folks"

Why 1440? The printing press was invented in the year 1440, spreading knowledge to the masses and changing the course of history. Guess what else? There are 1,440 minutes in a day and every one is precious. That’s why we scour hundreds of sources every day to provide a concise, comprehensive, and objective view of what's happening in the world. Reader feedback is a gift—shoot us a note at [email protected].

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