5.16.2019

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All your news in a single email. We scour 100+ sources so you don't have to. Culture, science, sports, politics, business, and more - all packaged in a 5-minute read below.
Need To Know.
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FAA Gets Grilled.
The Acting Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration, Daniel Elwell, defended his agency's safety certification of Boeing 737 MAX aircraft before Congress yesterday. The FAA had come under fire for what some called a lax review process that allowed Boeing employees to assist in the examination of their own planes. The hearing came in the wake of two deadly accidents in the span of six months - an Ethiopian Airlines crash in March that killed all 157 people on board, and a Lion Air crash last October that killed all 189 people on board. Data from the flight data recorders of both flights linked the crashes to issues with automated safety features on the new MAX 8 models, where the planes' stabilizers were out of balance, causing the nose of the plane to point sharply downward (see a pilot's explanation), a condition caused by faulty sensors on the tail of the aircraft. Elwell said the FAA would review its safety certification process. 

The hearing came one day after audio surfaced of a tense meeting between pilots and Boeing officials over the glitch, months prior to the second crash.  
Tiger Looks for Encore.
The PGA Championship begins today at the Bethpage Black Course on Long Island, New York. The event - usually considered the least prestigious of the four major championships in professional golf behind the Masters, US Open, and British Open - will have an extra bright spotlight on it this weekend. Tiger Woods enters fresh off his first major victory since 2008 after winning the Masters in April, giving him 15 major championships and moving within three wins of all-time leader Jack Nicklaus. Woods enters Thursday as the favorite at 8/1 odds, followed by Dustin Johnson (10/1), Brooks Koepka (10/1), and Rory McIlroy (12/1). The course itself is a notoriously difficult 7,400-yard-long, par-70 gauntlet, where only 5 players broke par in the 2009 US Open, the last major hosted at the site.

See what makes the publicly owned and operated Bethpage Black Course so difficult with this virtual tour.
White House Floats Immigration Plan.
President Trump is expected to begin rolling out details of a plan to overhaul the US immigration system during a speech from the White House Rose Garden today. The new plan, reportedly developed by the President's son-in-law Jared Kushner, will focus on modifying the asylum and green card systems, while beefing up funding for border security. Notably, the plan would shift the emphasis of green cards - which give the long-term right to live and work in the US, as well as a pathway to citizenship - so that they are predominately awarded to highly-skilled workers. Under the plan, green cards awarded to such applicants would rise to nearly 60%, up from just 12% currently. The plan will reportedly not touch on undocumented immigrants currently living in the US, or so-called Dreamers - children and young adults who were under 16 years old when they entered and have been in the US continuously since 2007. The new plan comes as the number of migrants detained at the border passed 100,000 in the month of May, the highest monthly total since 2007.

Separately, a two-year-old died while in US custody after his family was detained at the border - officials said he had been hospitalized in the weeks prior to his death. 
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In The Know.
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Sports, Entertainment & Culture.
> Claude Monet's Meules painting sells for $110.7M at auction, a record for Impressionist art (More) | NYC's Met Museum to refuse money from Sackler family due to their involvement in opioid industry (More)
> Walt Disney Studios announces layoffs in film division as cost-cutting measure related to its recent $71B acquisition of 21st Century Fox (More)
> Isaac Kappy, actor known for roles in Thor and Terminator Salvation, dies of apparent suicide at age 42 (More)
Science & Technology.
> Study finds low humidity inhibits the immune system’s ability to fight influenza; findings partially explain why the flu spreads better in the winter (More)
> Deep sea creatures recovered from the Mariana Trench found to have high levels of radioactive carbon, believed to be residue from detonation of nuclear bombs (More)
> Judges select five finalists for most recent XPRIZE competition, focused on developing literacy apps that can be used by children around the world (More)
Business & Markets.
> US stock markets up (S&P 500 +0.6%, Dow +0.5%, Nasdaq +1.1%) as President Trump delays auto tariffs (More)
> US retail sales fall unexpectedly in April (More) | Macy's beats Wall Street expectations on strong same-store sales (More)
> Co-working office giant WeWork raises $2.9B fund to acquire and manage properties where it operates (More) | Warren Buffett's Berkshire Hathaway owns ~$900M stake in Amazon (More)

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Politics & World Affairs.
> Alabama Governor Kay Ivey signs nation's strictest abortion law, near-total ban includes no exemption for rape; law is expected to directly challenge Roe v. Wade under new conservative-leaning Supreme Court (More)
> White House denies House Judiciary Committee request for documents, evidence underpinning Mueller probe into Russian meddling in 2016 election (More)
> North Carolina Attorney General announces lawsuit against electronic cigarette company Juul; alleges company illegally targets youth and downplays negative health effects of product (More)
In Depth.
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The Swindle Fixer.
Washington Post | Patrick Hruby. Every year, a fresh crop of world-class athletes are drafted into major professional sports leagues. Though many will make millions, chances are a number will end their career with little to show for it due to bad or outright fraudulent investment advice. That's where lawyer Chase Carlson comes in. (Read, paywall)
Fear and Oppression in Xinjiang.
CNN | Matt Rivers and Lily Lee. The US State Department estimates at least two million people, predominately members of China's Muslim ethnic minorities, have been held against their will in sprawling reeducation and forced labor camps. This moving account provides a look at what it's like to live under the constant threat of detainment in the country's western Xinjiang region. (Read)
Etcetera.
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Exercise may be better than vitamins at staving off dementia.

Get a first look at Season 5 of Netflix’s award-winning Black Mirror.

...and photos from the final episode of Game of Thrones released.

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Rare photos from peak seediness in New York City.

Mick Jagger puts his dancing shoes back on after heart surgery (w/ video).

The doomed Woodstock 50 concert is more of a mess than we thought.

Hershey's is changing the design of its chocolate bar for the first time in history.

Mapping the coast-to-coast Great American Rail Trail.

Clickbait: Man saves sloth from traffic, sloth...slowly...waves...goodbye.
Historybook: 1st Academy Awards hosted (1929); Warsaw Ghetto Uprising ends (1943); HBD Janet Jackson (1966); RIP comedian Andy Kaufman (1984); RIP Muppets creator Jim Henson (1990).
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