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Good morning. It's Tuesday, Oct. 31, and we're covering the potential end of a historic labor strike, new insight into the demise of dinosaurs, and much more. First time reading? Sign up here.


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Need To Know

Israel Advances into Gaza

Israel's military advanced deeper into the northern Gaza Strip Monday as part of an expanded ground invasion. Israeli tanks and other armored vehicles appeared to move further into the enclave's largest population center, Gaza City, temporarily blocking a main road connecting the enclave's north and south regions.


Israeli troops also freed an Israeli female soldier held hostage by Hamas, marking the first such rescue since Hamas kidnapped more than 220 people in the Oct. 7 surprise attack that ignited the latest war. A total of five hostages have now been freed, four of whom were released by Hamas. 


Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu rejected calls for a cease-fire as airstrikes continued to hit Gaza. At least 600 targets were struck by the Israeli military over the past few days, according to officials. Additionally, Israeli forces carried out a raid in the West Bank city of Jenin. See the war in maps here


Separately, 27 trucks of humanitarian aid have entered Gaza through the Rafah crossing, with 39 more expected to enter today. Meanwhile, US officials said US troops in Iraq and Syria were targeted at least 24 times in the past two weeks by Iran-backed militant groups. 


See updates on the war here.


UAW Reaches GM Deal

The United Auto Workers union and General Motors Corp. have reportedly reached a tentative contract deal, potentially bringing an end to more than six weeks of strikes that have disrupted the auto industry. The agreement follows similar deals reached between the UAW and Ford and Stellantis (formerly Fiat Chrysler) last week.


The four-and-a-half year agreements, which still need to be ratified by union members, are said to be similar terms to the Ford and Stellantis deals, which include a general 25% hourly wage increase plus the return of cost-of-living adjustments. Experts estimate the overall cost increase of the deal to be $6.2B over four-and-a-half years at Ford, $7.2B at GM, and $6.4B at Stellantis.


The news comes after the UAW expanded its walkout at GM Saturday at the automaker’s Spring Hill, Tennessee, plant. If ratified, the deals put an end to the first time all three of the Detroit automakers were on strike at the same time, costing billions of dollars in lost production.


Dusting Off the Dinosaurs

Pulverized rock dust kicked up by the Chicxulub meteor 66 million years ago played a more significant role in the extinction of nonavian dinosaurs than previously believed, according to a new study. Previous research has emphasized the role of sulfurous fumes and wildfire soot rather than dust in the catastrophe.


Scientists have debated for decades exactly which mechanisms from the impact near the Yucatan Peninsula killed roughly three-fourths of the world's species. The impact immediately generated lethal megatsunamis, magnitude 11 earthquakes, and meltdowns of the ocean floor (watch overview). Over time, photosynthesis—where plants produce the energy that forms the basis of the food chain—ceased across the globe for up to two years as a result of blocked sunlight. 


The new study used micrometer-sized dust pulled from the Tanis fossil site in North Dakota to simulate models of the post-impact climate. The models suggest the dust—which better resists being rained out than soot or sulfur aerosols—lingered in the air for up to 15 years. 

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In The Know

Sports, Entertainment, & Culture

In partnership with CARIUMA

> Barcelona's Aitana Bonmati wins Ballon d'Or as soccer's best female player; Inter Miami's Lionel Messi wins a record eighth time (More) | FIFA bans ex-Spanish soccer chief Luis Rubiales for three years over his alleged misconduct at Women's World Cup final (More)

> "Sesame Street" making one of its biggest format changes in its over 50-year history; show will pivot from a "magazine-style" format to two longer, narrative-driven segments (More)

> Texas Rangers top Arizona Diamondbacks 3-1 to take 2-1 lead in the World Series; Game 4 is tonight (8 pm ET, Fox) from Phoenix (More)

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Science & Technology

> James Webb Space Telescope captures image of the Crab Nebula, located roughly 6,500 light-years away; analysis expected to shed light on the origins of the supernova remnant, which appeared in the night sky in the mid-11th century (More)

> Cold War satellite photos reveal a network of nearly 400 ancient Roman forts spanning modern-day Syria and Iraq; researchers say structures were meant to protect key trade routes (More)

> Study finds a 1% reduction in deep sleep annually after the age of 60 is linked to a 27% increase in the risk of developing dementia (More)


Business & Markets

> US markets close higher (S&P 500 +1.2%, Dow +1.6%, Nasdaq +1.2%) as S&P 500 closes out of correction territory; Dow registers best day since June 2 (More) | X (formerly Twitter) reportedly valued at $19B in new employee stock plan, down roughly 55% from Elon Musk's $44B takeover (More)

> CVS and Walgreens pharmacy staff in some US stores stage three-day walkout; issues include working conditions and staffing shortages (More

> Private equity firm KKR closes $1.6B deal to buy Simon & Schuster (More) | 

Chinese fast fashion e-commerce business Shein buys British fast fashion brand Missguided ahead of potential US initial public offering; deal terms not disclosed (More


Politics & World Affairs

> Maine police were previously alerted of a US Army reservist who made threats against his base in mid-September before last week's Lewiston, Maine, mass shooting that killed 18 people; search for motive continues (More

> Trial begins in 14th Amendment lawsuit seeking to bar former President Donald Trump from appearing on the 2024 ballot in Colorado due to alleged role in Jan. 6, 2021, US Capitol storming (More

> Former Louisville, Kentucky, police officer Brett Hankison begins federal civil rights trial over charges related to the 2020 police raid that led to Breonna Taylor's death; Hankison was acquitted on state charges of wanton endangerment (More



> The Secret to Living Forever

Air Mail | Cazzie David. Exploring "blue zones"—where people live past 100 without medical intervention—the author embarks on a journey to incorporate the longevity secrets learned from these areas. (Read)


> 'Never Feed Him After Midnight'

Atlas Obscura | Hadley Meares. A look at the various myths and stories of gremlins, mischievous imaginary creatures with origins tracing back to British Royal Air Force pilots during World War II, and the continued fascination with them in popular culture. (Read)

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The creepiest places in all of America's 50 states.


... and why so many ghosts are women.


Visualizing the most popular Halloween costumes.


Gender gap in leisure time remains among working parents


How to decode the colorful tags on a bread bag.


California home with meth lab goes on sale for $1.55M.


About 1,000 sheep strut through a Utah city


Georgia restaurant adds $50 surcharge for "adults unable to parent." 


Clickbait: Céline Dion "siren battles" keep this town up at night.


Historybook: English poet John Keats born (1795); Magician Harry Houdini dies (1926); Mount Rushmore National Memorial is completed (1941); Actor and comedian John Candy born (1950); First female prime minister of India Indira Gandhi is assassinated (1984).

"You cannot shake hands with a clenched fist."

- Indira Gandhi

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