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Good morning. It's Friday, Sept. 8, and we're covering a potential Category 5 hurricane, a daring cave rescue in Turkey, and much more. First time reading? Sign up here.


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Need To Know

Lee Moves Toward the Caribbean 

Tropical Storm Lee became the fourth hurricane of the year yesterday, strengthening into a Category 4 storm as it moved across the open Atlantic Ocean near the northeast Caribbean. Forecasts suggest it may continue to intensify, likely reaching Category 5 status today, with winds above 160 mph. Whether (or where) the system will make landfall remains unclear. 


Lee's current trajectory (see here) has it passing north of the Lesser Antilles and Puerto Rico, though the region is expected to see tropical storm-like conditions through the weekend. The system is currently tracking toward the southeastern US coast; however, most models predict the storm will turn and head northward. The timing of Lee's pivot northward will determine to what degree it impacts—or makes landfall—along the US East Coast or Canada sometime during the second half of next week. Only four storms have made landfall as Category 5 hurricanes in US history.


Experts say record warm waters fueled a process known as rapid intensification, where maximum sustained wind speeds increase by 35 mph within a day. 


NFL Kicks Off

The 2022-23 NFL season kicked off last night with the defending champion Kansas City Chiefs falling to the Detroit Lions in an upset, 21-20. Chiefs star quarterback Patrick Mahomes threw for two touchdowns and 226 yards, but also tossed a pivotal interception that was returned for a touchdown in the third quarter. The Chiefs had enter the season as the favorites to win Super Bowl LVIII, with Mahomes favored to be named MVP.


The rest of the league gets underway beginning Sunday (see schedule). Notable matchups include the Washington Commanders first game under new ownership versus the Arizona Cardinals (1 pm ET, FOX), last year's runner-up Philadelphia Eagles visiting the New England Patriots (4:25 pm ET, CBS), and a divisional clash between the Dallas Cowboys and New York Giants (8:20 pm ET, NBC). 


Monday night features New York Jets QB Aaron Rodgers hosting the Buffalo Bills (8:15 pm ET, ABC/ESPN). The game is Rodgers' first after spending 18 years in Green Bay, a tenure that included four MVP awards and a Super Bowl title in 2011.


Separately, Cincinnati QB Joe Burrow agreed to a five-year, $275M extension (with $220M guaranteed), making the Ohio native the league's top-paid quarterback. 


Cave Rescue in Turkey

A rescue operation is underway in Turkey for American Mark Dickey, who remains trapped more than 3,400 feet inside the Morca cave in the Taurus Mountains. Dickey, a 40-year-old speleologist—or cave researcher—was coleading a mission to find and map a new passage in the cave when he suffered from gastrointestinal bleeding Saturday, rendering him unable to leave the cave.


The 4,186-foot-deep cave—Turkey's third deepest and the 38th deepest in the world—poses extreme challenges with its wet, cold environment (39-42 degrees Fahrenheit) and narrow passages. Over 170 cave rescue experts, including teams from Turkey, Italy, Hungary, Croatia, Bulgaria, and Poland, are collaborating in the effort. The complex rescue operation is expected to take several days and likely involves hoisting him to the surface on a stretcher through narrow passages that are being widened to facilitate the rescue.


Rescuers reached Dickey inside the cave Tuesday, providing blood and fluids, and were able to stabilize his condition; he can allegedly walk independently, but it remains unclear if he can climb out without assistance. See updates here.


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In The Know

Sports, Entertainment, & Culture

In partnership with InsideTracker

> American teenage tennis prodigy Coco Gauff advances to women's US Open finals; see results here (More) | See latest bracket (More)

> "That '70s Show" actor Danny Masterson sentenced to 30 years in prison after being found guilty on two charges of forcible rape (More) | Bruce Springsteen postpones all September shows due to health condition (More)

> Team USA takes on Germany this morning (8:40 am ET, ESPN2) in the semifinals of the men's FIBA Basketball World Cup (More)

From our partners: Win the ultimate $6K health giveaway. InsideTracker & Hydrow have teamed up to supercharge your longevity. Enter for the chance to win a year of expert health insights with InsideTracker tests, InnerAge analysis, and a consultation with a registered dietitian. Plus, get the ultimate full-body workout with Hydrow's state-of-the-art rowing machine & a year's subscription to 4,000+ workouts! Click here to enter.


Science & Technology

> Japan launches lunar lander in bid to become the fifth country to reach the moon behind the US, Russia, China, and India (More)

> Scientists grow human-like kidneys inside pigs; researchers grew embryos using a mix of modified human and pig stem cells; organs are described as "50% human" (More)

> Researchers develop tiny devices that can be implanted directly into brain and spinal cord tumors to provide localized delivery of up to 20 cancer-fighting drugs at once (More)


Business & Markets

> US stock markets close mixed (S&P 500 -0.3%, Dow +0.2%, Nasdaq -0.9%); Nasdaq closes down for fourth consecutive session (More)

> Ryan Salame, a former executive of bankrupt cryptocurrency exchange FTX, pleads guilty to criminal charges, agrees to forfeit $1.5B (More)

> Apple shares fall 3% after reports Chinese government may ban workers from using iPhones (More)


Politics & World Affairs

> India to host annual G20 summit this weekend, marking the first time it will be held in South Asia; President Joe Biden to attend, Russian President Vladimir Putin and Chinese President Xi Jinping to send delegates (More)

> Four former Navy officers allegedly involved in long-running bribery scandal have their convictions vacated due to prosecutorial misconduct (More) | Who was Fat Leonard? (More)

> Former Donald Trump adviser Peter Navarro found guilty on two charges of contempt of Congress for failing to respond to a subpoena from the Jan. 6 committee last year; sentencing yet to be held, each count carries a maximum of one year in prison (More)



> What OpenAI Really Wants

Wired | Steven Levy. The creators of ChatGPT are on a mission to produce the world's first artificial general intelligence while keeping it both open-sourced and safe—a tall order they expect will change everything. (Read)


> The Mystery of Shock Therapy

Undark | Astrid Landon. Electroconvulsive therapy is often portrayed as an outmoded psychiatric treatment, but its 85-year history presents a complicated story of both positive results and negative side effects. (Read)

> Why College Is So Expensive

Kite & Key | Staff. Despite the high price of a four-year college degree—which has quintupled over the last 50 years—some colleges make it nearly impossible for prospective students to compare costs. (Watch)


> Davy Crockett's TV Dominance

Slate | Evan Chung. (Podcast) Revisiting the forgotten story of Walt Disney's massively popular 1955 TV series, which reignited interest in the legendary frontiersman. (Listen)

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Historybook: Michelangelo’s David statue unveiled to the public (1504); St. Augustine, Florida, becomes first permanent European settlement (1565); Singer Patsy Cline born (1932); Ruby Bridges, first Black student to attend an all-white school in Louisiana, born (1954); Queen Elizabeth II dies (2022). 

"When you start a new trail equipped with courage, strength, and conviction, the only thing that can stop you is you."

- Ruby Bridges

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