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Good morning. It's Wednesday, Sept. 27, and we're covering the next GOP primary debate in California, a monopoly case against an e-commerce giant, and much more. First time reading? Sign up here.


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Need To Know

GOP Debates Round Two

The second Republican presidential debate takes place tonight, with seven candidates set to face off at the Ronald Reagan Presidential Library in Simi Valley, California. The debate will air on Fox Business Network and Univision (9 pm ET).


Tonight's lineup features Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis, entrepreneur Vivek Ramaswamy, former UN Ambassador Nikki Haley, Sen. Tim Scott (SC), former New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie, Gov. Doug Burgum (ND), and former Vice President Mike Pence. Candidates needed to meet stricter criteria set by the Republican National Committee, including support from 50,000 individual donors and at least 3% in two national polls or 3% in one national poll along with two early-voting state polls.


Notably absent are former Arkansas Gov. Asa Hutchinson, who didn't qualify, and former President Donald Trump, who leads Republican national polls with approximately 55% support. Instead, Trump will address the United Auto Workers union in Michigan.


The debate format includes one-minute responses to questions with 30 seconds for follow-ups and no opening or closing statements. Candidates will be competing for financial support before the end-of-September fundraising deadline. The threshold for the Nov. 8 Miami debate will rise to 4% in polls and 70,000 donors, which four candidates have reached so far.


Amazon Antitrust Suit

The US Federal Trade Commission, along with 17 state attorneys general, sued Amazon yesterday, alleging the $1.3T e-commerce giant violated antitrust laws by inflating prices, overcharging sellers, and stifling competition. 


The anticipated lawsuit against Amazon comes after a four-year probe and focuses on two business areas: Amazon's online marketplace and its fulfillment services, with the latter referring to a network of warehouses and delivery vans. The FTC claims (see overview) Amazon's marketplace restricts third-party sellers from offering cheaper prices than what is available on Amazon; otherwise, Amazon allegedly buries the seller in its search results. The regulator also claimed Amazon forces sellers to use its fulfillment services, limiting the market for independent providers. 


The FTC asked the federal court in Seattle to consider directing Amazon to make structural changes to its business but didn't specify a course of action. The FTC suit follows separate federal antitrust suits against Alphabet's Google and Meta's Facebook. 


Alabama Congressional Map

The US Supreme Court announced yesterday it would not reconsider Alabama's congressional map after upholding a lower court's decision to strike it down in June for likely violating the Voting Rights Act. The decision effectively greenlights the creation of new boundaries by a court-appointed special master, who released three proposed alternatives Monday, each of which includes a second likely Black-majority district.


State lawmakers redrew Alabama's seven districts following the 2020 census. Opponents of the map argued that while Black residents—who lean Democratic in the state—account for more than a quarter of the state population, they had been largely consolidated into a single district (see district boundaries). In 2022, Republican candidates won six of the seven districts, each by double-digit margins.


Chief Justice John Roberts and Justice Brett Kavanaugh joined the court's three left-leaning justices—Elena Kagan, Sonia Sotomayor, and Ketanji Brown Jackson—in striking down Alabama's map in June; yesterday's decision contained no public dissents. See background on the case here

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The Gut-Immune System Link: What to Know


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In The Know

Sports, Entertainment, & Culture

In partnership with The Ascent

> "Taylor Swift: The Eras Tour" concert film to open Oct. 13 in more than 100 countries worldwide with AMC handling global distribution (More) | Golden Globes adds new awards for best blockbuster film and TV stand-up comedy (More)

> Shakira charged in Spain in second case of tax fraud for allegedly failing to pay $7M in taxes in 2018; Shakira was previously accused of failing to pay taxes from 2012 to 2014 (More)

Brooks Robinson, Baseball Hall of Famer and 16-time Gold Glove winner, dies at 86 (More) | New York Liberty's Breanna Stewart edges Connecticut Sun's Alyssa Thomas to win 2023 WNBA MVP (More) | See latest WNBA playoff bracket (More)

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Science & Technology

> Federal Communications Commission to propose reinstating net neutrality rules, requiring internet providers to treat data coming to and from all websites equally; regulations were rescinded in late 2017 (More)

> Former Arecibo Observatory in Puerto Rico to be turned into a science education center; structure collapsed in 2020 (More) | Watch video of collapse (More)

> Climate modeling suggests most of Earth's landmass in the distant future will be largely uninhabitable for mammals due to extreme temperatures (More) | What is Pangea Ultima, the supercontinent likely to form in 250 million years? (More)


Business & Markets

> US stock markets close lower (S&P 500 -1.5%, Dow -1.1%, Nasdaq -1.6%); Dow notches its worst day since March, following concerns over latest home sales and consumer confidence reports (More)

> President Joe Biden joins striking United Auto Workers members in Detroit in show of solidarity, marking the first time a sitting president has visited a picket line (More) | See previous write-up (More

> JPMorgan Chase agrees to pay $75M to US Virgin Islands to settle lawsuit related to deceased sex offender Jeffrey Epstein, averting an October trial (More)


Politics & World Affairs

> Judge finds former President Trump guilty of fraud in civil suit, determining he overvalued real estate assets during business dealings (More) | Hunter Biden sues Rudy Giuliani for allegedly tampering with and sharing his private digital data from retrieved hard drive (More)

> House begins consideration of four individual spending bills ahead of Sept. 30 deadline to avoid a government shutdown (More) | Senate advances bipartisan short-term funding proposal (More) | See previous write-up (More)

> At least 68 dead, hundreds injured in a gas station explosion in the Nagorno-Karabakh region; blast comes as thousands of ethnic Armenians attempt to flee the area (More)

In partnership with Pendulum

A Healthy Metabolism Begins In The Gut


Fast, slow, or downright sluggish, there’s one inescapable truth: gut health is critical to metabolic health.


Metabolic Daily is a powerful probiotic that naturally replenishes your gut and improves your metabolism. No one knows this better than Halle Berry (yes, that Halle Berry). She experienced such life-changing results that she became Chief Communications Officer at Pendulum, the company that makes Metabolic Daily. You gut this–1440 readers get 20% off their first membership order with code 1440NEWS.

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Historybook: Rosetta Stone is first deciphered (1822); First Black US senator Hiram Revels born (1827); Production of Ford Model T begins (1908); Legendary athlete Mildred "Babe" Didrikson Zaharias dies (1956); Actress Jenna Ortega born (2002). 

"It’s even harder to stay at the top in sports than it is to get there."

- Babe Didrikson Zaharias

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