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Good morning. It's Thursday, Feb. 16, and we're covering a sentence in Buffalo's worst mass shooting, new footage from a famous shipwreck, and much more. First time reading? Sign up here.


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Need To Know

Buffalo Shooter Sentence

The gunman who carried out a racially motivated mass shooting at a grocery store in Buffalo, New York, in May was sentenced to life in state prison without parole yesterday. Ten people were killed and three others injured in the attack at a Tops supermarket in the city's predominantly Black East Side neighborhood. The shooter previously pleaded guilty to the charges, which included domestic terrorism.


Investigators determined the attack was premeditated, and a manifesto from the gunman described the attack in detail, explicitly stating the store was chosen due to the racial demographics of the ZIP code. The state trial came ahead of a separate federal trial which includes 27 charges, including counts of hate crimes. Yesterday's proceedings were interrupted after an attendee lunged at the shooter while victim impact statements were being read (see video). 


The attack was the worst mass shooting in Buffalo's history. Read about the victims here.


Scottish Surprise

Nicola Sturgeon, the Scottish Parliament's leader since 2014 and leader of the pro-independence Scottish National Party, resigned yesterday amid declining support and reports of exhaustion with the job. She said she will stay on until a new first minister is selected. See possible candidates here


The resignation comes as Sturgeon's party looks to push a second Scottish independence referendum after a failed 2014 vote. Scotland has been part of the United Kingdom since 1707 but received greater control of its affairs after a 1998 law established the subnational Scottish Parliament, a process known as "devolution." A 2014 independence referendum was defeated. Two years later, the UK voted to leave the European Union—a move a majority of Scots disagreed with.


Next month, the SNP will debate whether the party should use the next UK general election—likely at the end of 2024—as a de facto Scottish independence referendum after a UK court blocked a second referendum in December. 


Titanic Expedition Footage

Mostly never-before-seen footage from the 1986 dive exploring the wreckage of the RMS Titanic was released yesterday in honor of the 25th anniversary of James Cameron's Oscar-winning film, "Titanic." The mission marked the first time human eyes saw the 882-foot-long ship since it sank April 15, 1912, killing about 1,500 people. See the roughly 80-minute-long raw footage here.


Approximately 2,200 people were aboard the ocean liner on its maiden voyage from Southampton, England, to New York City (see map) before it struck an iceberg. Efforts to locate the wreck began shortly after the sinking, but technical limitations kept it hidden for more than seven decades.


The ship's final resting place was discovered Sept. 1, 1985, when an oceanographic team found the wreck using a towed underwater camera 12,400 feet beneath the Atlantic Ocean's surface. The team returned to the site in July 1986, using cameras on the human-occupied submersible Alvin and the remotely operated vehicle Jason Junior. See photos of the wreck here.

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In The Know

Sports, Entertainment, & Culture

In partnership with The Ascent

Raquel Welch, iconic Golden Globe-winning actress and international model known for "One Million Years BC," dies at 82 (More)

> Forensic study finds Nobel Prize-winning Chilean poet and politician Pablo Neruda's 1973 death was the result of poisoning shortly after coup that ousted former President Salvador Allende (More)

> MLB players report to spring training amid new rule changes, including larger bases and a pitch clock (More)

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Science & Technology

> Robotic submersible examines the underside of Antarctica's Thwaites Glacier, finds underside ice melt is slower than predicted but faster in areas with cracks and crevices (More) | Why Thwaites is referred to as the "Doomsday Glacier" (More)

> New study reveals snakes can sense airborne sound, using the vibrations to interpret their surroundings; frequencies studied include the range of human voices (More)

> Scientists observe "mirror neurons"—brain cells that fire either when animals take action or observe an animal take the same action—in mice that fire during states of aggression (More)


Business & Markets

> US stock markets close higher (S&P 500 +0.3%, Dow +0.1%, Nasdaq +0.9%) as January US retail sales rose 3% (More)

> Federal judge releases names of two Stanford scholars who cosigned bond of Sam Bankman-Fried (More)

> Elon Musk donated $1.9B of Tesla stock to undisclosed charity last year, making him the second largest charitable donor in 2022 behind Bill Gates (More) | Tesla will open 7,500 electric chargers to other electric vehicle brands by the end of next year (More


Politics & World Affairs

> Russia appears to have deployed 97% of its army in Ukraine, as it focuses on advancing in the country's eastern front, UK defense secretary says (More) | Ukraine claims to shoot down six Russian balloons over its capital of Kyiv (More)

> Congressional Budget Office says the US could default on its debt as early as July if Congress is unable to raise the debt limit and the US is on track to add nearly $19T to its national debt over the next decade (More) | Debt ceiling 101 (More)

> Justice Department declines to charge Rep. Matt Gaetz (R, FL-1) over sex trafficking allegations; prosecutors have been investigating Gaetz over claims he had a sexual relationship with a 17-year-old girl (More)



> The Informant 

GQ | Francisco Garcia. How Emanuele Mancuso, a member of the notorious Italian mafia ’Ndrangheta, turned on his relatives and family business, and lost everything in the process. (Read)


> Battle for Harlem 

Truly*Adventurous | Quentin Lucas. The story of Stephanie St. Clair and her battle to keep control of her gambling operation in Harlem's divided underworld. (Read)

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Historybook: Egyptian Pharaoh Tutankhamun's burial chamber is unsealed (1923); Fidel Castro becomes prime minister of Cuba (1959); Tennis great John McEnroe born (1959); Actress Elizabeth Olsen born (1989); Musician The Weeknd born (1990).

"The important thing is to learn a lesson every time you lose."

- John McEnroe

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