Facts, without motives.

In partnership with

Good morning. It's Friday, Jan. 20, and we're covering charges over a tragic on-set Hollywood death, a massive walkout by French workers, and much more. First time reading? Sign up here.


You share. We listen. As always, send us feedback at [email protected].

Need To Know

Baldwin Charged in Set Shooting

Actor Alec Baldwin will be charged with two counts of involuntary manslaughter in the shooting death of cinematographer Halyna Hutchins on the set of the film "Rust." The film's armorer (see 101), Hannah Gutierrez-Reed, is facing the same charges.


The two will be charged "in the alternative," meaning if they are found guilty, it will be on only one of the charges: involuntary manslaughter, which comes with a sentence of up to 18 months in jail, or involuntary manslaughter in the commission of a lawful act, which carries a mandatory five years; however, it requires proof of more than simple negligence.


The incident occurred in October 2021, when Baldwin discharged a revolver prop, killing Hutchins and wounding the film's director. Baldwin has maintained the crew told him the gun was not loaded, and he did not pull the trigger. An investigation revealed Gutierrez-Reed had put a live round in Baldwin's gun instead of using a dummy round.


The news comes as film production is set to resume this year, with Hutchins' husband serving as an executive producer on the project.


NFL Playoff Picture

The NFL playoffs resume tomorrow, headlined by a pair of games between longtime rivals among the four matchups.


The action kicks off with the Kansas City Chiefs hosting the underdog Jacksonville Jaguars (NBC, 4:30 pm ET), followed by the Philadelphia Eagles welcoming division rivals the New York Giants (Fox, 8:15 pm ET). The Chiefs, led by QB Patrick Mahomes, and the Eagles, behind QB Jalen Hurts, finished tied for the best regular season record in the league at 14-3. 


Sunday begins with last year's runner-up the Cincinnati Bengals taking on the Buffalo Bills (CBS, 3 pm ET), a rematch of a Jan. 2 game that sent shockwaves through the NFL after Bills' safety Damar Hamlin suffered a cardiac arrest after making a tackle. Hamlin is recovering and reportedly spending time at the Buffalo facility with teammates. That game will be followed by the Dallas Cowboys and the San Francisco 49ers (Fox, 6:30 pm ET), the ninth time the historic rivals have met in the playoffs. 


The Chiefs are the current favorite to win Super Bowl LVII; see odds here.


French Pension Plan Strike

Over 1 million workers yesterday held nationwide strikes against France's proposed pension overhaul, disrupting schools, transportation, and other public services (see photos).


The proposal, unveiled last week, would raise the minimum retirement age from 62 to 64 by 2030. France's current retirement age is on the lower end, with age 65 being the most common in Europe (see chart). The proposal would also require at least 43 years of work, rather than 42, to qualify for a full pension starting in 2027.


President Emmanuel Macron contends the plan would preserve the pension system without raising taxes or increasing the national debt. Current workers pay for retirees' government pensions. However, analysts say the ratio of workers to retirees has decreased as people live longer and the population grows older, straining the system. The plan is estimated to raise $19B in annual pension contributions, helping the system to break even by 2027.


This is Macron's second attempt at pension reform after a separate plan in 2019 failed, following the country's longest transport strike in decades. 

In partnership with ButcherBox

New Year, New Meats


Find yourself overwhelmed at the grocery store, trying to pick the right meats for you and your family? Fret less—ButcherBox makes it easy, and they're giving you a bundle of free meats to prove it.

Join ButcherBox today for 14 oz of pork tenderloin, 2 lb of ground turkey, and 4 top sirloin steaks, free in your first box. It's the best thing that'll happen to you all year, 100% free with your first box of grass-fed beef, free-range organic chicken, crate-free pork, or wild-caught seafood, delivered directly to your door. ButcherBox will help you spend less time choosing and more time enjoying, all while having the confidence that you're putting only the highest-quality ingredients in your body.

What's more, ButcherBox is offering 1440 readers an additional $15 off each of your first three boxes with code MEAT45. This is a 48-hour flash sale lasting just until tomorrow night—claim your flash discount and free New Year Bundle today.

Please support our sponsors!

In The Know

Sports, Entertainment, & Culture

> "All Quiet on the Western Front" leads all film nominees for the 2023 British Academy Film Awards, or BAFTA Awards (More)

> David Crosby, Rock & Roll Hall of Fame founder of The Byrds and Crosby, Stills & Nash, dies at 81 (More) | British actor Julian Sands still missing six days after going for hike in California mountains (More)

> Saudi-backed LIV Golf secures TV, streaming deal with CW to broadcast all 14 of its 2023 tournaments (More) | Major League Soccer player Anton Walkes dies at 25 after boating accident in Miami (More)


Science & Technology

> Astronomers release highest resolution panoramic image of the Milky Way ever taken; updated survey took two years to compile, captures an estimated 3.3 billion objects representing 6.5% of the night sky (More)

> Scientists identify four genes responsible for the large size of whales and their innate protection against cancer (More) | How cetaceans defy "Peto's Paradox" (More, w/video)

> Engineers grow defect-free, atomically thin films on top of silicon wafers; new method may allow computer chipmakers to produce 2D transistors for electronics (More)


Business & Markets

In partnership with LiquidPiston

> US stock markets close lower (S&P 500 -0.8%, Dow -0.8%, Nasdaq -1.0%); Dow and S&P 500 fall for third consecutive session (More)

> Netflix Co-CEO Reed Hastings stepping down to become executive chairman; Netflix adds better-than-expected 7.6 million paid subscribers in fourth quarter of 2022 (More) | Amazon to discontinue AmazonSmile charity program, which has donated approximately $500M since 2013, amid cost cuts (More

> Hacker breaches T-Mobile accessing personal data of 37 million customers (More)

From our partners: Today’s internal combustion engine is a dinosaur, a 19th century dinosaur, and yet we still rely on this old technology to power our cars, electric generators, and many other machines. But now, LiquidPiston is bringing engine tech into the 21st century. Their patented X-Engine™ delivers up to 10X the power-to-weight ratio of legacy engines while achieving up to 30% more fuel efficiency. This potential has earned $30M in contracts with the US Department of Defense to improve the mobility of power and even encompass alternative fuels like hydrogen. Learn how LiquidPiston is bringing a $400B market up to speed and check out the investment offering today.


Politics & World Affairs

> The US reaches debt ceiling, Treasury officials to begin additional measures to avoid financial default (More) | See previous write-up here (More)

> Protesters, police clash in the Peruvian capital of Lima, as demonstrators demand President Dina Boluarte step down; Boluarte's predecessor was ousted in December after attempting to dissolve Congress (More)

> Supreme Court officials say monthslong probe into who leaked a draft of the decision in Dobbs v. Jackson case, which overturned federal abortion protections established in Roe v. Wade, has not identified a suspect (More)



> Spherical Descent

MIT Press | William Firebrace. The obscure depths of our world's oceans have been imagined for centuries by storytellers, inspiring real-life explorers. (Read)

> Visualizing the Brazil Capitol Riots

Reuters Graphics | Staff. An interactive timeline detailing the Jan. 8 storming of Brazil's capitol by thousands of supporters of former President Jair Bolsanaro. (Read)


> Images from a Forgotten Festival

New Yorker Radio Hour | David Remnick. (Podcast) Photographer Marilyn Nance's forgotten images of a major 20th century Pan-African cultural festival were published a half-century later. (Listen


... and see the photos here.

In partnership with ButcherBox

Feast for Free


There's no such thing as a free lunch, but there is such thing as 14 oz of free pork tenderloin. And 2 lb of free ground turkey. And 4 top sirloin steaks (also for free).

That’s right—if you sign up for ButcherBox today, you’ll receive their New Year Bundle for free with your first box. Like all of ButcherBox’s products, these meats are free-range, preservative- and antibiotic-free, and traceable to farms where they were raised in the US, so you don’t have to worry about what you’re feeding to your family. Today, use code MEAT45 for the ButcherBox New Year Bundle plus $15 off your first 3 boxes—this 48-hour flash sale ends at midnight tomorrow!

Please support our sponsors!


⭐ 1440 Original: Seven incredible technologies that will terrify you.


Travelers rank the 15 best US cities


Japanese diver captures rare footage of a giant squid.


... and a virgin shark birth baffles scientists


Engineers unveil a two-story 3D-printed home


Visualizing the world's biggest military tank fleets


New AI platforms let you chat with figures from history


China test drives the world's fastest train.


Clickbait: Solving the national debt with a trillion-dollar coin.


Historybook: Astronaut Buzz Aldrin born (1930); Iran hostage crisis ends as 52 Americans are released after 444 days (1981); Martin Luther King Jr. Day is observed for first time (1986); Actress Audrey Hepburn dies (1993); Barack Obama becomes first Black president of the US (2009).

"Failure is not a sign of weakness. It is a sign that you are alive and growing."

- Buzz Aldrin

Why 1440? The printing press was invented around the year 1440, spreading knowledge to the masses and changing the course of history. More facts: In every day, there are 1,440 minutes. We’re here to make each one count.


Send us your feedback at [email protected] and help us stay unbiased as humanly possible. We’re ready to listen.


Interested in reaching smart readers like you? To become a 1440 partner, apply here.

1440 Media 222 W Merchandise Mart Plaza, Suite 1212 Chicago, IL 60654

Copyright © 2023, 1440 Media, All rights reserved.


Join a community of over 3.6 million intellectually curious individuals.

100% free. Unsubscribe anytime.

Don't miss out on the daily email read by over 3.7 million intellectually curious readers.