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Need To Know.
Eric Garner.
New York City Police Commissioner James O’Neill dismissed Daniel Pantaleo yesterday, the officer whose 2014 chokehold led to the death of Eric Garner. In grappling with the decision, O'Neill placed blame on both Garner and Pantaleo - the former for resisting arrest, the latter for excessive force - but concluded (paywall, NYT) Pantaleo could no longer serve effectively. The decision comes days after an internal administrative review recommended termination and one month after the Justice Department declined to bring civil rights charges. The decision caps a bitter five-year battle - Garner, a black man, was unarmed at the time of death and his final plea of "I can't breathe" became a rallying cry in protests nationwide. A key issue in throughout the proceedings has been whether Pantaleo employed a sustained chokehold to subdue Garner, a maneuver banned by the NYPD. 
Planned Parenthood Leaves Title X.
Political Crisis in Italy.
Italy's shaky government coalition is facing its toughest test, as Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte faces a no-confidence vote today. Conte, head of the anti-establishment Five Star Movement, assumed office last June after he cobbled together a coalition with the center-right League party following a fractured national election that left no clear majority party. The alliance held for little over a year until - Matteo Salvini, the League Party's leader, called for the no-confidence vote earlier this month. The driving force - other than what analysts say is Salvini's own ambitions - is backlash against an influx of North African immigrants, the same issue that drove the populist Five Star Party into power in 2018. Reports say Conte is considering resigning ahead of the vote, and in either case it would be left up to President Sergio Mattarella to see whether a new coalition could be formed or new elections must be held. 
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In The Know.
Sports, Entertainment & Culture.
> Defending national champ Clemson starts 2019 college football season #1 in AP Top 25 poll; Alabama, Georgia round out the top 3 (More)
> Dwayne 'The Rock' Johnson marries longtime girlfriend, singer-songwriter Lauren Hashian (More) | Katie Holmes and Jamie Foxx call it quits after six years (More)
> Old Town Road's record-breaking reign at #1 on Billboard Hot 100 ends after 19 weeks as Billie Eilish's Bad Guy tops chart; Eilish, 17, becomes first artist born in the 2000's to be #1 on the Hot 100 (More)
Science & Technology.
> Aggressive spiders survive hurricanes more often than docile ones, study shows; research provides insight into how extreme events provide evolutionary pressure on animal species (More)
> Twitter accuses China of running disinformation campaign against Hong Kong protests, suspends nearly 1,000 accounts (More) | ...meanwhile reports say China is paying for Twitter advertising to amplify negative press on protesters (More)
> Researchers launch studies to test whether babies born via C-section require microbial transplants from mother; 2010 study showed babies delivered via C-section, roughly 30% of US births, have significantly different microbe populations (More)
Business & Markets.
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> CEOs of 180 US companies including JPMorgan, Amazon, & American Airlines sign statement: corporate America should provide economic benefits to all stakeholders, not just investors (More) | Fortune releases annual Change The World companies list (More)
Amazon, Google, Facebook & trade associations testify before Congress against France’s proposed 3% digital tax (More) | Sources say group of state attorneys general launching antitrust investigation of big tech companies, would be in addition to DOJ probe announced last month (More)
> US stock markets rally Monday (S&P 500 +1.1%, Dow +1.0%, Nasdaq +1.4%) following last week’s rout (More)

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Politics & World Affairs.
> Buckingham Palace releases official statement from Prince Andrew saying that he is appalled at the crimes of deceased financier Jeffrey Epstein; does not refute video released Saturday showing Andrew leaving Epstein's Manhattan estate (More)
> US Attorney General removes acting Bureau of Prisons chief Hugh Hurwitz following irregularities in procedures surrounding financier Jeffrey Epstein's suicide (More)
> Ousted Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir reveals he received up to $90M in direct payments from the Saudi Royal family; revelation comes during first day of corruption trial (More)
In Depth.
A 4-Year-Old Trapped in a Teenage Body.
The Cut/Epic | Patrick Burleigh. An inherited genetic disorder that drives early onset puberty gave Patrick Burleigh his first mustache when he was just three years old. Here's what it's like growing up when you can't act your age. (Read)
What if Aging was a Curable Disease?
MIT Tech Review | David Adams. Proponents of a budding movement in medical research want to treat aging not as an inevitable consequence of time, but as a disease, with a specific pathology that can be treated and cured. The subtle shift in attitudes could upend how we think about - and prepare for - growing older. (Read, paywall)
Websites that peddle fake news and disinformation make millions each year.  
The best memes of 2019 (so far). 
Kayakers have close call with a collapsing glacier (w/ video). 

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Florida's iconic palm trees are under attack
Mapping water stress in regions across the US (paywall, WashPo). 
Pick a topic, and this website will generate realistic fake news about it
What it's like to live in an over-touristed city.
Bangladesh gives all of its rivers legal rights
Clickbait: New cooking show will cannon blast dishes into contestants' faces
Historybook: First around-the-world telegram sent (1911); Valley of the Dolls author Jacqueline Susann is born (1918); Leon Trotsky fatally wounded in Mexico (1940); NASA launches Viking 1 probe toward Mars (1975); RIP comedian Jerry Lewis (2017).
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