5.9.2019

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All your news in a single email. We scour 100+ sources so you don't have to. Culture, science, sports, politics, business, and more - all packaged in a 5-minute read below.
Need To Know.
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Iran Threatens to Resume Enrichment.
Iranian President Hassan Rouhani said that his country would take steps to exit the 2015 nuclear deal unless world powers resumed oil trade with Iran. The announcement came one year to the day that the US withdrew from the multilateral agreement (see background), also signed by China, France, Russia, United Kingdom, and the European Union, and leveled sanctions on the country's energy and financial sectors. Specifically, Rouhani threatened that Iran would begin enriching its stock of uranium into weapons-grade material. Uranium-235, or "enriched" uranium, is the key element in both nuclear power and nuclear weapons, though the former only requires 3-5% enrichment while weapons-grade uranium requires 80-95% enrichment. France, Germany, and Britain, who remained committed to the deal after the US departure, said they rejected any ultimatums, while China and Russia said the terms of the original deal should be restored.

The news came as the US imposed fresh sanctions on Iran's metals industries, which account for about 10% of the country's exports.   
Executive Privilege.
The White House signaled it would exert executive privilege yesterday, denying a request by congressional Democrats to obtain an unredacted version of Special Counsel Robert Mueller’s report on Russian meddling in the 2016 election. The action, which is the first time the President has invoked the privilege, reportedly applies to both the report and evidence underlying the report obtained by Mueller’s team during the nearly two-year investigation. The House Judiciary Committee, which originally subpoenaed the materials, has opened its own investigation into Democratic allegations of obstruction of justice by the President. The decision was relayed on the same day the Judiciary Committee held a party-line vote to hold Attorney General William Barr in contempt of Congress for denying the request for the full report - the vote now moves to the House floor.

Visualize how much of the report itself was redacted here.
Baltimore Crippled by Cyberattack.
The city of Baltimore was hit with a cyberattack that reportedly paralyzed computer systems yesterday, according to officials, forcing many city services to be performed manually. It was the second time in just over a year that the city was hit with a ransomware virus - a type of cyberattack that typically locks computers until a ransom is paid (see 101) - and comes on the heels of a major 2018 attack on Atlanta allegedly carried out by Iranian hackers. Last year's attack crippled Baltimore's 911 dispatching service, forcing workers to coordinate calls via individual phone calls. While Baltimore's emergency services were untouched, most departments lost email and phone and city utilities were unable to process customers' bills. The attack comes less than a week into Baltimore Mayor Bernard C. "Jack" Young's tenure after Young took over for embattled former Mayor Catherine Pugh who resigned last Friday amid a scandal over improper sales of a series of children's books she had authored.  
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In The Know.
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Sports, Entertainment & Culture.
> Tottenham defeats Ajax 3-2 to advance to the Champions League final against Liverpool (More) | The UEFA Champions League explained (More)
> Prince Harry and Meghan Markle reveal new baby's name, will be called Archie Harrison Mountbatten-Windsor (More)
> Troy Shafer, star of DIY Network's Nashville Flipped, dies at 38 (More)

Get your dream on. Our friends at Casper just launched their new lines of mattresses – the Hybrid Collection. They’re some of the most comfortable and supportive beds you’ll find, check them out now (More) #Ad
Science & Technology.
> In last ditch effort to save 17-year-old girl with life-threatening infection, genetically-modified viruses successfully kill antibiotic-resistant “superbug” (More)
> Scientists develop recyclable plastic that can be assembled and disassembled at the molecular level, and made into new products (More)
> Chinese researchers push forward on trials to use deep brain stimulation to treat opioid addiction (More)
Business & Markets.
> Rideshare giant Uber to price IPO tonight, begin trading on Friday; sources say company will likely be valued at the midpoint of its target range or below, representing ~$80B valuation (More)
> Disney beats Wall Street expectations as it continues to invest in direct-to-consumer business, shares up slightly (More)
> Semiconductor chip giant Intel shares down 2.5% after management forecasts modest growth due to pressure from rivals (More)
Politics & World Affairs.
> Just under 99,000 migrants apprehended by US Border Patrol in between ports of entry during the month of April, nearly doubling 2018 year-over-year numbers (More)
> In bid to increase consumer knowledge, Health and Human Services rules that TV commercials for prescription drugs must include price if cost is over $35 per month (More)
> Democratic presidential candidate Sen. Bernie Sanders ratifies union contract with his campaign staff (More)
In Depth.
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How Beef Changed America.
Guardian | Joshua Specht. The rise of a centralized US meatpacking industry at the turn of the 20th century brought high-protein, nutritious beef to the tables of rich and poor alike. 100 years later, the effects of the rise of the meat industry on modern agribusiness, in particular small farmers, are unmistakable. (Read)
The Rise of Fear-Based Social Media.
Vox | Rani Molla. Neighborhood apps like NextDoor and Citizen, meant to promote a sense of community, have turned into online neighborhood watch groups, even as violent crime continues to decrease. Do these apps provide real security benefits, or - as critics suggest - are they platforms for hypersensitive racial profiling and venues to air personal disputes? (Read)
Etcetera.
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Rural obesity has become a global epidemic.  

Denver becomes first US city to decriminalize psychedelic mushrooms.

Scenes from the 58th annual Venice Biennale art exhibition

The best-designed building in all 50 US states.

Body cam captures dramatic rescue of 3 women and a dog from floodwaters.

Archaeological dig uncovers 1,000-year-old drug paraphernalia.

Mom skips her graduation to attend her son’s - and gets a surprise.

5-year-old Afghan boy with war injury dances in joy after getting prosthetic leg.
 
Clickbait: Couple eats raw marmot for health benefits, contracts the plague
Historybook: HBD Billy Joel (1949); L. Ron Hubbard, creator of Scientology, publishes Dianetics (1950); HBD rapper Ghostface Killah (1970); Impeachment proceedings begin against President Nixon (1974); RIP singer and civil rights activist Lena Horne (2010).
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