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Need to Know
Cuba Names First Prime Minister in Decades
Cuba has its first prime minister in more than forty years, after President Miguel Díaz-Canel named former tourism minister Manuel Marrero Cruz to the post over the weekend. The announcement comes 10 months after voters approved a new constitution for the island, though it remains controlled by the governing Communist Party. In many parliamentary governments, the president acts as a head of state and the prime minister - often more powerful - acts as the head of government, overseeing the functioning of the administration and execution of the government. It is unclear how much practical power will shift to Marrero, whose role was described as the administrative right hand of the government. The country operated under the quasi-dictatorship of Fidel Castro until 2011 (see timeline), with Fidel's brother Raúl continuing to hold power as the head of the Communist Party. 
Sweeping MS-13 Bust
Officials in Long Island, N.Y. arrested nearly 100 members of the notorious MS-13 street gang on charges that ranged from conspiracy to commit murder to gun and drug trafficking. The bust was the largest in the history of the state, which acts as an anchor point for the international gang's East Coast operations. The group - originating in Los Angeles in the 1980s before spreading to Central America, particularly El Salvador (see 101) - boasts an estimated 10,000 members in cities across the US. Though its members represent less than 1% of the estimated gang members in the United States, the organization has gained an outsized reputation from its particularly violent and often reckless murders. Long Island in particular has grappled with violence from MS-13 since its rise in the area two decades ago, including the high-profile killing of two teenage girls in 2016 and the machete slaying of four teens in 2017.

Here's what former members say needs to be done to combat the group ($$, New Yorker).
Diplomat's Wife Charged
The wife of a US diplomat will be charged by British prosecutors in a fatal car crash that occurred north of London in August, forcing a simmering diplomatic dispute out into public view. Forty-two-year-old Anne Sacoolas was driving outside Royal Air Force Base Croughton when she was involved in a collision that killed 19-year-old motorcyclist Harry Dunn after allegedly driving on the wrong side of the road. Sacoolas claimed diplomatic immunity and returned to the US three weeks after the accident; she denies claims of negligence and states the wreck was an accident, saying she won't return voluntarily to face charges. British Prime Minister Boris Johnson - who has largely enjoyed strong relations with the US - supported the charges but must now decide whether to formally seek extradition of Sacoolas. The US State Department has signaled it would not return her to the UK. 

An impromptu meeting arranged by the White House between Sacoolas and the Dunn family fell through in October.

Editor's note: We'll be off the remainder of the week - enjoy the holiday break! See you next Monday.
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Notre Dame Cathedral to miss its first Christmas in centuries.
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