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All your news in a single email. We scour 100+ sources so you don't have to. Culture, science, sports, politics, business, and more - all packaged in a 5-minute read below.
Need To Know.
Tapes Detail Grisly Murder of Saudi Journalist.
Turkish officials released details yesterday of audio tapes they say prove missing Saudi Arabian journalist Jamal Khashoggi was tortured and killed by Saudi operatives on Turkish soil earlier this month. The release appeared to coincide with US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo's arrival in the country. Khashoggi, an insider-turned-critic of the Saudi government, was last seen entering the Saudi consulate in Istanbul on October 2nd. According to the details released, Khashoggi was killed in Saudi consul Mohammad al-Otaibi's office before being beheaded and dismembered. Turkey had previously identified 15 men it says were connected to the incident - a number of whom (paywall) have ties to Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman. The details come one day after Saudi King Salman denied involvement to a visiting Pompeo, and President Trump pushed Turkey to release the tapes to US intelligence officials during a press conference yesterday. 

Khashoggi's final column in the Washington Post was published last night, a call for free expression in the Arab world. 
Number of Border Crossings Skyrockets.
The number of families crossing the US-Mexico border has risen by 80% since the summer, according to government data revealed yesterday. The unpublished statistics from the Department of Homeland Security, obtained by the Washington Post, showed that border agents arrested 16,658 family members in September. That number - the highest on record - represents just under 40% of total Southwest border apprehensions, which has risen to about 50,000 per month (full data here). The dramatic increase in family apprehensions coincides with the administration's family separation policy being put on pause in June. Reports say the surge in crossings, including stories of a large group of migrants moving through Central America, has the Trump administration reconsidering its family separation policy. 

Ever wonder what the border actually looks like? Check out this amazing interactive visual exploration (best viewed on desktop). 
Campus Rampage in Crimea.
At least 19 were killed and over 40 injured when a college student opened fire on his campus in the Crimean city of Kerch. Reports suggest the student also rigged buildings with homemade explosives filled with shrapnel, at least one of which detonated. Crimea is a peninsula formerly governed by Ukraine but annexed by Russia in 2014, and Russian officials initially suggested the shooting was orchestrated by the Ukrainian government. Details now seem to paint the shooter as a disaffected student angry at teachers and classmates, though no motive has been publicly identified. It was the worst school attack since 2004, when Chechen separatists killed 333 men, women, and children in a three-day siege
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In The Know.
Sports, Entertainment & Culture.
> Boxer Canelo Alvarez signs 5-year, 11-fight deal with streaming service DAZN worth $365M (More) | What is DAZN? (More)
> Netflix announces Orange Is The New Black to end with upcoming Season 7 (More)
> Caroll Spinney, legendary puppeteer best-known for Big Bird & Oscar the Grouch, retires after nearly 50 years on Sesame Street (More)
Science & Technology.
> New data shows that the fertility rate fell by 16% in rural areas and 18% in metro areas between 2007-2017; rates mark an all-time low in the US (More)
> See the winners of the 2019 Breakthrough Prizes; at $3M per award, the prizes are the most lucrative in science and mathematics (More)
> Researchers develop low-cost, wearable electronic stickers to allow doctors to monitor patient health in real-time (More)
Business & Markets.
> EBay accuses Amazon of poaching marketplace sellers, files lawsuit (More)
> CEO of Constellation Brands - alcohol giant including brands Corona & Robert Mondavi - stepping down, to be replaced by insider (More)
> Technology giant IBM misses revenue expectations, shares fall 7% (More)
Politics & World Affairs.
> White House announces top lawyer Don McGahn's last day was Wednesday, will be replaced by DC attorney Pat Cipollone (More)
> Trump administration pulls out of international postal treaty that critics say subsidizes shipments of Chinese goods (More) | More on the Universal Postal Union (More)
> Natalie May Edwards, a senior official in the US Treasury’s Financial Crimes office, charged with leaking documents related to Russia probe (More)
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In Depth.
Jeff Bezos Wants Us to Leave Earth. For Good.
Wired | Steven Levy. Though it has received far less media attention than Elon Musk's SpaceX, the Amazon founder's Blue Origin is aggressively pursuing its own strategy for exploring the cosmos. By as soon as next year, the company will send humans into space with a much grander plan - establishing a future for mankind outside Earth. (Read, paywall)
Your Next Doctor's Appointment Might Be With AI.
MIT Tech Review | Douglas Heaven. To make receiving a diagnosis as painless as possible, companies are now employing artificial intelligence to assess patients. The future of medical diagnosis could be as easy as pulling out your phone and having a quick conversation with a computer. (Read)
What we know about the mysterious polio-like virus spreading across the US
Nice people are worse off financially (says study). 
A new mom's comic explaining why she is so exhausted goes viral
Visualizing where the world's tourists spend their money
How Zimbabwe is tackling depression with benches and grandmothers
Archaeologists discover a 66-foot-long Viking ship buried under a cemetery in Norway
With flu season almost here, take a look inside the lab that creates the flu shot (video).
Outraged parents say high school student shared cookies made from grandparents' ashes
Clickbait: British hospital gives children tiny electric cars so they can drive themselves to their operations
Historybook: Moby-Dick is first published (1851); Alaska transferred from Russia to the US (1867); RIP Thomas Edison (1931); HBD Hall of Fame football player and coach Mike Ditka (1939); HBD Olympic skier Lindsey Vonn (1984).
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