Everything You Need to Know, In a Single Daily Email.

7.31.2019

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Need To Know.
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Jamestown.
Government officials gathered yesterday in Virginia to celebrate the 400th anniversary of the first legislative assembly by English settlers in the Americas when the General Assembly first met in the nascent settlement of Jamestown in 1619. The colony, near what became modern-day Williamsburg, was originally established in 1607 amid one of the most severe droughts in nearly 800 years. Villagers also survived a two-year famine from 1609-1610 known as the Starving Time - recent discoveries suggest some resorted to cannibalism - before its fortunes gradually improved. President Trump and Virginia Governor Ralph Northam both gave remarks, with Trump being interrupted by a state Democratic lawmaker protesting the President's recent criticism of Baltimore (video here). Black lawmakers also boycotted, choosing instead to hold a parallel event marking the first documented arrival of slaves to the settlement, which also occurred in 1619. 

See a map of the original colony here
A$AP Rocky.
American hip hop artist A$AP Rocky pleaded not guilty to assault charges as his trial began in a Swedish court yesterday, in a case that has drawn global attention after President Trump attempted to intervene on the rapper's (whose real name is Rakim Mayers) behalf. The case stems from a scuffle between the Grammy-nominated rapper's entourage and two men in during a trip to Stockholm (video here) - the victim, 19-year-old Mustafa Jafari, was taken to the hospital with cuts and a broken rib, but the rapper says his group acted in self-defense. Videos posted by Mayers showed the two men following them around the city. President Trump's request to release the artist was rebuffed, and the case has snowballed into an international incident with accusations of racism against Swedish officials. While Jafari is seeking only around $15,000 in damages, Mayers could face up to two years in prison if convicted. 
Dem Debates (Part II, Round II).
The second night of Democratic primary debates will be held tonight in Detroit (8pm ET, CNN), with former Vice President Joe Biden and Sen. Kamala Harris (CA) headlining the second group of 10 candidates to qualify for the second-round showdown. The pair had a somewhat heated exchange during the first debate, with Harris questioning Biden's record on school busing policy (watch here). The two will be joined by former Housing Secretary Julian Castro and Sen. Cory Booker (NJ), along with six other candidates (see lineup). Last night's debate was a largely congenial affair, with Sens. Bernie Sanders (I-VT) and Elizabeth Warren (MA) defending their health care and student debt proposals for most of the night. Keep an eye on long-shot candidate Andrew Yang, a technologist promoting a universal basic income platform, whose camp is clashing with the Democratic National Committee over whether he has already qualified for the third round of debates in September. 
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In The Know.
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Sports, Entertainment & Culture.
> US women's national soccer team coach Jill Ellis to step down after five years and back-to-back World Cup victories; Ellis will stay on at US Soccer as an ambassador for the sport (More)
> Rapper Drake and LeBron James partner on Canadian arm of Uninterrupted, a digital platform for athletes, celebrities, and influencers to engage with fans (More)
> Congressional report finds that US Olympic Committee, FBI, and Michigan State failed to protect athletes from sexual abuse by Larry Nassar (More)
Science & Technology.
> A dozen African countries report surging levels of drug-resistant HIV; average of 10% of adults with the virus show resistance to the two main medications (More)
> Study finds growing tear in the Juan de Fuca tectonic plate underneath the Pacific Northwest; may be responsible for abnormal volcanic activity in Oregon (More)
> Scientists show that targeted delivery of corrective proteins to the brain via nanoparticles can help repair damaged neural connections (More)
Business & Markets.
> US stock markets dip slightly in advance of today’s Fed decision on potential interest rate cut (More)
> Earnings Season: Apple beats Wall Street expectations and returns to growth, shares up 4% in after-hours (More) | Consumer products giant Procter & Gamble sees highest sales growth in over a decade, shares up 4% (More)
> Real Estate startup Compass raises $370M at $6B valuation from SoftBank’s Vision Fund & other investors, plans potential IPO in next ~2 years (More)

This amazing travel credit card offers a 50,000 mile bonus opportunity to new customers. Earn 10x miles at select hotels and travel in style (More) #Ad
Politics & World Affairs.
> California passes law requiring presidential candidates to release tax returns in order to be placed on the state's ballot (More) | ACLU files suit claiming over 900 children have been separated from their family at the border since last summer, despite court order halting practice (More, paywall)
> North Korea fires two short-range missiles for second time in two weeks (More)
> Disgruntled employee kills two coworkers, injures police officer in shooting at Walmart in East Mississippi (More)
Etcetera.
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400 hot air balloons take off at once, in photos

Runner makes elaborate art with their running maps.  
Frustrated with men, British woman marries her dog on live TV (via Twitter). 
Visualizing airport runways reveals national wind patterns
The magnificent winners of the 2019 Audubon Photo Awards.
The history behind the cultural shift towards day drinking

Wild boars are ravaging European cities.
TSA snags missile launcher in Texas man's luggage.
Clickbait: Toddler falls from sixth floor of apartment building, saved by blanket
Historybook: 17th US President Andrew Johnson dies (1875); HBD Mark Cuban (1958); HBD J.K. Rowling (1965); START I signed by US & Soviet Union to begin nuclear arms reduction (1991); Fidel Castro relinquishes power to brother Raul after more than 47 years (2006).
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